Research Articles

Local reports

LNGG (2009a). The LNGG Monthly 1. Naivasha. Volume 1, issue 1. [full text]

LNGG (2009b). The LNGG Monthly 2. Volume 1, Issue 2. [full text]

LNGG (2009c). The LNGG Monthly 3. Volume 1, Issue 3. [full text]

LNGG (2009d). The LNGG Monthly 4. Volume 1, Issue 4.  [full text]

LNGG (2009e). The LNGG Monthly 5. Volume 1, Issue 5. [full text]

LNGG (2010). The LNGG Bi-monthly 1. Volume 2, Issue 1. [full text]

LNMIC (1996). LNMIC stakeholders workshop report. Lake Naivasha Management Implementation Committee (LNMIC). [full text]

LNROA (1993). A three phase environmental impact study on recent developments around lake Naivasha. Phase I: An assessment of current information on the lake, relevant to a management plan, and recommendations for phase II of the study. Lake Naivasha Riparian Owners Association (LNROA). John Goldson Associates. Nairobi, Kenya. [full text]

LNRA (2009). Quarterly Newsletter of the Lake Naivasha Riparian Association - Lake News. Naivasha Kenya. Issue 1. [full text]

WRMA (2010). Water Allocation Plan Naivasha - Draft. Naivasha. [full text]

WRUA LANAWRUA (2009). SUB-CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN (SCMP). [full text]

WRUA Mkungi Kitiri (2008). SUB-CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN (SCMP). [full text]

WRUA Upper Malewa (2009). SUB-CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN (SCMP). [full text]

WRUA Upper Turasha Kinja (2008). SUB-CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN (SCMP). [full text]

Academic Reports

Adams, C. S., R. R. Boar, D. S. Hubble, M. Gikungu, D. M. Harper, P. Hickley and N. Tarras-Wahlberg (2002). The dynamics and ecology of exotic tropical species in floating plant mats: Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 115-122. [full text]

Aloo, P. A. (1999). Ecological studies of helminth parasites of the largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, from Lake Naivasha and the Oloidien Bay, Kenya. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 66(2): 73-79.

Aloo, P. A. (2002). A comparative study of helminth parasites from the fish Tilapia zillii and Oreochromis leucostictus in Lake Naivasha and Oloidien Bay, Kenya. Journal of Helminthology 76(2): 95-102.
[full text]

Aloo, P. A. and B. S. Dezfuli (1997). Occurrence of cystacanths of Polyacanthorhynchus kenyensis larvae (Acanthocephala) in four teleostean fishes from a tropical lake, Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Folia Parasitologica 44(3): 233-238.

Amin, O. M. and B. S. Dezfuli (1995). TAXONOMIC NOTES ON POLYACANTHORHYNCHUS-KENYENSIS (ACANTHOCEPHALA, POLYACANTHORHYNCHIDAE) FROM LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Journal of Parasitology 81(1): 76-79.

Åse, L. E., K. Sernbo and P. Syrén (1986). Studies of Lake Naivasha, Kenya, and its drainage area. Stockholm, Sweden, Naturgeografiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet in Stockholm. [full text]

Åse, L. E. (1987). A NOTE ON RIDGES OF PUMICE FORMED THROUGH THE INFLUENCE OF FLOATING SALVINIA IN LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Geografiska Annaler Series a-Physical Geography 69(2): 283-288.

Åse, L. E. (1987). A NOTE ON THE WATER-BUDGET OF LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Geografiska Annaler Series a-Physical Geography 69(3-4): 415-429. [full text]

Baker, B. H. and Wohlenbe.J (1971). STRUCTURE AND EVOLUTION OF KENYA RIFT VALLEY. Nature 229(5286): 538-&.

Ballot, A., K. Kotut, E. Novelo and L. Krienitz (2009). Changes of phytoplankton communities in lakes Naivasha and Oloidien, examples of degradation and salinization of lakes in the Kenyan Rift Valley. Hydrobiologia 632(1): 359-363.
[full text]

Ballot, A., L. Krienitz, K. Kotut, C. Wiegand, J. S. Metcalf, G. A. Codd and S. Pflugmacher (2004). Cyanobacteria and cyanobacterial toxins in three alkaline rift valley lakes of Kenya - Lakes Bogoria, Nakuru and Elmenteita. Journal of Plankton Research 26(8): 925-935.

Barnard, P. C. and F. Clark (1986). THE LARVAL MORPHOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF A NEW SPECIES OF ECNOMUS FROM LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA (TRICHOPTERA, ECNOMIDAE). Aquatic Insects 8(3): 175-183.

Becht, R. and D. M. Harper (2002). Towards an understanding of human impact upon the hydrology of Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 1-11. [full text]

Becht, R., E. O. Odada and S. Higgins (2005). Lake Naivasha : experience and lessons learned brief. In: Lake basin management initiative : Experience and lessons learned briefs. including the final report: Managing lakes and basins for sustainable use, a report for lake basin managers and stakeholders. Kusatsu : International Lake Environment Committe Foundation (ILEC), 2005. pp. 277-298.[full text]

Bennun, L. and O. Nasirva (2000). Trends in waterbird numbers in the southern Rift Valley of Kenya. Ostrich 71(1-2): 220-226.

Bergner, A. G. N., M. R. Strecker, M. H. Trauth, A. Deino, F. Gasse, P. Blisniuk and M. Dühnforth (2009). Tectonic and climatic control on evolution of rift lakes in the Central Kenya Rift, East Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 28(25-26): 2804-2816. [full text]

Bergner, A. G. N. and M. H. Trauth (2004). Comparison of the hydrological and hydrochemical evolution of Lake Naivasha (Kenya) during three highstands between 175 and 60 kyr BP. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 215(1-2): 17-36. [full text]

Bergner, A. G. N., M. H. Trauth and B. Bookhagen (2003). Paleoprecipitation estimates for the Lake Naivasha basin (Kenya) during the last 175 k.y. using a lake-balance model. Global and Planetary Change 36(1-2): 117-136. [full text]

Biggs, J., E. Y. Anthony and C. J. Ebinger (2009). Multiple inflation and deflation events at Kenyan volcanoes, East African Rift. Geology 37(11): 979-982. [full text]

Bishop, W. W. and G. R. Chapman (1970). EARLY PLIOCENE SEDIMENTS AND FOSSILS FROM NORTHERN KENYA-RIFT-VALLEY. Nature 226(5249): 914-&.

Bishop, W. W. and J. A. Miller (1971). SUCCESSION OF CAINOZOIC VERTEBRATE ASSEMBLAGES FROM NORTHERN KENYA RIFT VALLEY. Nature 233(5319): 389-&.

Black, S., R. Macdonald, B. A. Barreiro, P. N. Dunkley and M. Smith (1998). Open system alkaline magmatism in northern Kenya: Evidence from U-series disequilibria and radiogenic isotopes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131(4): 364-378. [full text]

Black, S., R. Macdonald and M. R. Kelly (1997). Crustal origin for peralkaline rhyolites from Kenya: Evidence from U-series disequilibria and Th-isotopes. Journal of Petrology 38(2): 277-297.

Boar, R. R. (2006). Responses of a fringing Cyperus papyrus L. swamp to changes in water level. Aquatic Botany 84(2): 85-92. [full text]

Boar, R. R. and D. M. Harper (2002). Magnetic susceptibilities of lake sediment and soils on the shoreline of Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 81-88. [full text]

Boar, R. R., D. M. Harper and C. S. Adams (1999). Biomass allocation in Cyperus papyrus in a tropical wetland, Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Biotropica 31(3): 411-421.

Boix Fayos, C. (2002). Competition over Water Resources: Analysis and Mapping of Water-Related Conflicts in the Catchment of Lake Naivasha (Kenya). ITC. thesis. Enschede. [full text]

Bonzongo, J. C., B. S. Ojiambo, W. B. Lyons, S. Wilder and K. Welch (1996). Mercury concentrations in waters of Lake Naivasha watershed, Kenya. Geophysical Research Letters 23(13): 1581-1584.

Bower, J. R. F. and C. M. Nelson (1978). EARLY POTTERY AND PASTORAL CULTURES OF THE CENTRAL RIFT VALLEY, KENYA. Man 13(4): 554-566.

Bown, M. G. (1965). RE-INVESTIGATION OF CLINO-FERROSILITE FROM LAKE NAIVASHA KENYA. Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society 34(268): 66-&.

Britton, J. R., R. R. Boar, J. Grey, J. Foster, J. Lugonzo and D. M. Harper (2007). From introduction to fishery dominance: the initial impacts of the invasive carp Cyptinus carpio in Lake Naivasha, Kenya, 1999 to 2006. Journal of Fish Biology 71: 239-257. [full text]

Britton, J. R. and D. M. Harper (2006). Length-weight relationships of fish species in the freshwater rift valley lakes of Kenya. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22(4): 334-336.

Britton, J. R. and D. M. Harper (2008). Juvenile growth of two tilapia species in lakes Naivasha and Baringo, Kenya. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 17(3): 481-488.

Britton, J. R., D. M. Harper and D. O. Oyugi (2010a). Is the fast growth of an equatorial Micropterus salmoides population explained by high water temperature? Ecology of Freshwater Fish 19(2): 228-238.

Britton, J. R., D. M. Harper, D. O. Oyugi and J. Grey (2010b). The introduced Micropterus salmoides in an equatorial lake: a paradoxical loser in an invasion meltdown scenario? Biological Invasions 12(10): 3439-3448.

Britton, J. R., M. C. Jackson and D. M. Harper (2009a). Ligula intestinalis (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidae) in Kenya: a field investigation into host specificity and behavioural alterations. Parasitology 136(11): 1367-1373.

Britton, J. R., M. C. Jackson, M. Muchiri, H. Tarras-Wahlberg, D. M. Harper and J. Grey (2009b). Status, ecology and conservation of an endemic fish, Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis, in Lake Baringo, Kenya. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 19(5): 487-496.

Butzer, K. W., Washbour.C, Richards.Jl and G. L. Isaac (1972). RADIOCARBON DATING OF EAST AFRICAN LAKE LEVELS. Science 175(4026): 1069-&.

Campbell, L. M., O. Osano, R. E. Hecky and D. G. Dixon (2003). Mercury in fish from three rift valley lakes (Turkana, Naivasha and Baringo), Kenya, East Africa. Environmental Pollution 125(2): 281-286. [full text]

Childress, R. B. and L. A. Bennun (2000). Nest size and location in relation to reproductive success and breeding timing of tree-nesting Great Cormorants. Waterbirds 23(3): 500-505.

Childress, R. B. and L. A. Bennun (2001). White-breasted Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo, breeding season timing and its control factors at a seasonally constant Kenyan lake. Ostrich 72(3-4): 149-158.

Childress, R. B. and L. A. Bennun (2002). Sexual character intensity and its relationship to breeding timing, fecundity and mate choice in the great cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo lucidus. Journal of Avian Biology 33(1): 23-30.

Childress, R. B. and L. A. Bennun (2003). Effect of breeding timing on White-breasted Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) reproductive success at a seasonally constant Kenyan lake. Ostrich 74(1-2): 102-109.

Childress, R. B., L. A. Bennun and D. M. Harper (2002). Population changes in sympatric Great and Long-tailed Cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo and P-africanus): the effects of niche overlap or environmental change? Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 163-170. [full text]

Clark, F. (1992). A STUDY OF A POPULATION OF MICRONECTA-SCUTELLARIS STAL (HEMIPTERA, CORIXIDAE) IN LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Hydrobiologia 248(2): 115-124.

Cocquyt, C. (2004). Staurophora caljonii spec. nov (Bacillariophyceae, Anomoeoneidaceae), a new halophilic diatom species from sub-recent lake deposits in Kenya. Hydrobiologia 511(1): 37-46. [full text]

Cocquyt, C. and A. De Wever (2002). Epiphytic diatom communities on herbarium material from Lake Naivasha and Lake Sonachi, Eastern Rift Valley, Kenya. Belgian Journal of Botany 135(1-2): 38-49.

Darling, W. G., B. Gizaw and M. K. Arusei (1996). Lake-groundwater relationships and fluid-rock interaction in the east African rift valley: Isotopic evidence. Journal of African Earth Sciences 22(4): 423-431. [full text]

Davies, G. R. and R. Macdonald (1987). CRUSTAL INFLUENCES IN THE PETROGENESIS OF THE NAIVASHA BASALT COMENDITE COMPLEX - COMBINED TRACE-ELEMENT AND SR-ND-PB ISOTOPE CONSTRAINTS. Journal of Petrology 28(6): 1009-1031.

Davies, T. C. (1996). Chemistry and pollution of natural waters in western Kenya. Journal of African Earth Sciences 23(4): 547-563. [full text]

Edwards, K. A. and J. R. Blackie (1981). Results of the East African Catchment Experiments 1958-1974. in: R. Lal and E. W. Russel (eds.): Tropical Agricultural Hydrology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [full text]

Eggermont, H., P. De Deyne and D. Verschuren (2007). Spatial variability of chironomid death assemblages in the surface sediments of a fluctuating tropical lake (Lake Naivasha, Kenya). Journal of Paleolimnology 38(3): 309-328. [full text]

Elder, H. Y. and D. J. Garrod (1961). A NATURAL HYBRID OF TILAPIA-NIGRA AND TILAPIA-LEUCOSTICTA FROM LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA COLONY. Nature 191(478): 722-&.

Ellis-Jones, M. (2007). Naivasha – Malewa Payments for Environmental / Watershed Services Feasibility Study Overview. CARE Kenya & WWF EARPO. MSc. [full text]

Epp, L. S., Stoof-Leichsenring, K. R., Trauth, M. H., & Tiedemann, R. (2011). Molecular profiling of diatom assemblages in tropical lake sediments using taxon-specific PCR and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (PCR-DHPLC). Molecular Ecology Resources, 11(5), 842-853. [full text]

Epp, L. S., Stoof, K. R., Trauth, M. H., & Tiedemann, R. (2010). Historical genetics on a sediment core from a Kenyan lake: Intraspecific genotype turnover in a tropical rotifer is related to past environmental changes. Journal of Paleolimnology, 43(4), 939-954. [full text]

Everard, M. and D. M. Harper (2002). Towards the sustainability of the Lake Naivasha Ramsar site and its catchment. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 191-203. [full text]

Everard, M., A. Kuria, M. Macharia, J. A. Vale and D. M. Harper (2002a). Aspects of the biodiversity of the rivers in the Lake Naivasha catchment. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 43-55. [full text]

Everard, M., J. A. Vale, D. M. Harper and H. Tarras-Wahlberg (2002b). The physical attributes of the Lake Naivasha catchment rivers. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 13-25. [full text]

Farah, H. O. and W. G. M. Bastiaanssen (2001). Impact of spatial variations of land surface parameters on regional evaporation: a case study with remote sensing data. Hydrological Processes 15(9): 1585-1607. [full text]

Gaudet, J. J. (1977). UPTAKE, ACCUMULATION, AND LOSS OF NUTRIENTS BY PAPYRUS IN TROPICAL SWAMPS. Ecology 58(2): 415-422.

Gaudet, J. J. (1979). SEASONAL-CHANGES IN NUTRIENTS IN A TROPICAL SWAMP - NORTH SWAMP, LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Journal of Ecology 67(3): 953-981.

Gaudet, J. J. and J. M. Melack (1981). MAJOR ION CHEMISTRY IN A TROPICAL AFRICAN LAKE BASIN. Freshwater Biology 11(4): 309-333. [full text]

Gaudet, J. J. and F. M. Muthuri (1981). NUTRIENT RELATIONSHIPS IN SHALLOW-WATER IN AN AFRICAN LAKE, LAKE NAIVASHA. Oecologia 49(1): 109-118. [full text]

Gitahi, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. M. Muchiri, M. P. Tole and R. N. Ng'ang'a (2002). Organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticide concentrations in water, sediment, and selected organisms in Lake Naivasha (Kenya). Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 123-128. [full text]

Gherardi, F., J. Robert Britton, K. M. Mavuti, N. Pacini, J. Grey, E. Tricarico and D. M. Harper (2011). A review of allodiversity in Lake Naivasha, Kenya: Developing conservation actions to protect East African lakes from the negative impacts of alien species. Biological Conservation 144(11): 2585-2596. [full text]

Grey, J. and D. M. Harper (2002). Using stable isotope analyses to identify allochthonous inputs to Lake Naivasha mediated via the hippopotamus gut. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 38(4): 245-250.

Haande, S., A. Ballot, T. Rohrlack, J. Fastner, C. Wiedner and B. Edvardsen (2007). Diversity of Microcystis aeruginosa isolates (Chroococcales, Cyanobacteria) from East-African water bodies. Archives of Microbiology 188(1): 15-25. [full text]

Harper, D. M., E. H. J. Morrison, M. M. Macharia, K. M. Mavuti and C. Upton (2011). Lake Naivasha, Kenya: ecology, society and future. Freshwater Reviews 4(2): 89-114. [full text]

Harper, D. and K. Mavuti (2004). Lake Naivasha, Kenya: Ecohydrology to guide the management of a tropical protected area. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 4(3): 287-305. [full text]

Harper, D. M. (1991). PRIMARY PRODUCTION IN LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Pp1112-1116 in: V. Sladecek and A. Sladeckova (eds.): International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology - Proceedings, Vol 24, Pt 2 24.

Harper, D. M., M. M. Harper, M. A. Virani, A. Smart, R. B. Childress, R. Adatia, I. Henderson and B. Chege (2002a). Population fluctuations and their causes in the African Fish Eagle, (Haliaeetus vocifer (Daudin)) at Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 171-180. [full text]

Harper, D. M., K. M. Mavuti and S. M. Muchiri (1990). ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA, IN RELATION TO CLIMATIC-CHANGE, ALIEN SPECIES INTRODUCTIONS, AND AGRICULTURAL-DEVELOPMENT. Environmental Conservation 17(4): 328-336.

Harper, D. M., G. Phillips, A. Chilvers, N. Kitaka and K. Mavuti (1993). EUTROPHICATION PROGNOSIS FOR LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Pp861-865 in: A. Sladeckova (eds.): International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology - Proceedings, Vol 25 Pt 2 25.

Harper, D. M., A. C. Smart, S. Coley, S. Schmitz, A. C. G. de Beauregard, R. North, C. Adams, P. Obade and M. Kamau (2002b). Distribution and abundance of the Louisiana red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii Girard at Lake Naivasha, Kenya between 1987 and 1999. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 143-151. [full text]

Hastenrath, S. (2001). Variations of East African climate during the past two centuries. Climatic Change 50(1-2): 209-217. [full text]

Hastenrath, S. and J. E. Kutzbach (1983). PALEOCLIMATIC ESTIMATES FROM WATER AND ENERGY BUDGETS OF EAST-AFRICAN LAKES. Quaternary Research 19(2): 141-153. [full text]

Henderson, I. G. and D. M. Harper (1992). BIRD DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT STRUCTURE ON LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. African Journal of Ecology 30(3): 223-232.

Henry, W. J., P. K. H. Maguire and P. A. V. Cooke (1988). INVERSION OF TELESEISMIC DATA RECORDED IN THE KENYA RIFT-VALLEY. Geophysical Journal-Oxford 92(3): 559-559.

Henry, W. J., J. Mechie, P. K. H. Maguire, M. A. Khan, C. Prodehl, G. R. Keller and J. Patel (1990). A SEISMIC INVESTIGATION OF THE KENYA RIFT-VALLEY. Geophysical Journal International 100 (1): 107-130.

Hickley, P., R. Bailey, D. M. Harper, R. Kundu, M. Muchiri, R. North and A. Taylor (2002). The status and future of the Lake Naivasha fishery, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 181-190. [full text]

Hickley, P. and D. M. Harper (2002). Fish community and habitat changes in the artificially stocked fishery of Lake Naivasha, Kenya. in: I. G. Cowx (eds.): Management and Ecology of Lake and Reservoir Fisheries Pp 242-254 Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK. [full text]

Hickley, P., M. Muchiri, R. Britton and R. Boar (2008). Economic Gain versus Ecological Damage from the Introduction of Non-native Freshwater Fish: Case Studies from Kenya. The Open Fish Science Journal 1: 36-46. [full text]

Hickley, P., M. Muchiri, R. Boar, R. Britton, C. Adams, N. Gichuru and D. Harper (2004). Habitat degradation and subsequent fishery collapse in Lakes Naivasha and Baringo, Kenya. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 4(4): 503-517. [full text]

Hickley, P., S. M. Muchiri, J. R. Britton and R. R. Boar (2004). Discovery of carp, Cyprinus carpio, in the already stressed fishery of Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Fisheries Management and Ecology 11(2): 139-142. [full text]

Hickley, P., R. North, S. M. Muchiri and D. M. Harper (1994). THE DIET OF LARGEMOUTH BASS, MICROPTERUS-SALMOIDES, IN LAKE NAIVASHA, KENYA. Journal of Fish Biology 44(4): 607-619. [full text]

Hubble, D. S. and D. M. Harper (2002). Nutrient control of phytoplankton production in Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 99-105. [full text]

Hubble, D. S. and D. M. Harper (2002). Phytoplankton community structure and succession in the water column of Lake Naivasha, Kenya: a shallow tropical lake. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 89-98. [full text]

Hyder, M. (1970). GONADAL AND REPRODUCTIVE PATTERNS IN TILAPIA-LEUCOSTICTA (TELEOSTEI - CICHLIDAE) IN AN EQUATORIAL LAKE, LAKE-NAIVASHA (KENYA). Journal of Zoology 162: 179-&.

Jones, M. B. and S. W. Humphries (2002). Impacts of the C-4 sedge Cyperus papyrus L. on carbon and water fluxes in an African wetland. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 107-113. [full text]

Jones, M. B. and F. M. Muthuri (1984). THE DIURNAL COURSE OF PLANT WATER POTENTIAL, STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE AND TRANSPIRATION IN A PAPYRUS (CYPERUS-PAPYRUS L) CANOPY. Oecologia 63(2): 252-255. [full text]

Jones, M. B. and F. M. Muthuri (1985). THE CANOPY STRUCTURE AND MICROCLIMATE OF PAPYRUS (CYPERUS-PAPYRUS) SWAMPS. Journal of Ecology 73(2): 481-491.

Jones, M. B. and F. M. Muthuri (1997). Standing biomass and carbon distribution in a papyrus (Cyperus papyrus L) swamp on Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Journal of Tropical Ecology 13: 347-356.

Kalff, J. (1983). PHOSPHORUS LIMITATION IN SOME TROPICAL AFRICAN LAKES. Hydrobiologia 100: 101-112.

Kalff, J. and Watson (1986). PHYTOPLANKTON AND ITS DYNAMICS IN 2 TROPICAL LAKES - A TROPICAL AND TEMPERATE ZONE COMPARISON. Hydrobiologia 138: 161-176.

Kamau, J. N., A. Gachanja, C. Ngila, J. M. Kazungu and J. Gatagwu (2007). The seasonal and spatial variations of labile copper, iron, manganese, lead and zinc sediment fractions in Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management 12(4): 303-313.

Kamau, J. N., A. Gachanja, C. Ngila, J. M. Kazungu and M. Zhai (2008). Anthropogenic and seasonal influences on the dynamics of selected heavy metals in Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management 13(2): 145-154.

Keriko, J. M., C. W. Chege, M. M. Magu, E. C. Mwachiro, A. N. Murigi, M. N. Githua and P. G. Kareru (2010). Fish lipid contents and classes of selected fish species found in Lake Naivasha (Kenya) and the fish feeding habits of the lake's inhabitants. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4(10): 745-753.

Kiruki, H. and J. Njung'e (2007). Population density, structure and early growth characteristics of Tarchonanthus camphoratus in a woodland at Naivasha, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 45(1): 31-40.

Kiruki, H., J. Njung'e and J. Kiyiapi (2010). Woody biomass estimation of Tarchonanthus camphoratus in three woodland stands at Naivasha, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 48(1): 5-12.

Kisia, S. M., I. O. Jumba and R. Kock (2002). The waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa (Ruppel 1835) as an indicator of ecosystem health in the Central Rift Valley lake systems of Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 40(4): 390-392.

Kitaka, N., D. M. Harper and K. M. Mavuti (2002a). Phosphorus inputs to Lake Naivasha, Kenya, from its catchment and the trophic state of the lake. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 73-80. [full text]

Kitaka, N., D. M. Harper, K. M. Mavuti and N. Pacini (2002b). Chemical characteristics, with particular reference to phosphorus, of the rivers draining into Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 57-71. [full text]

Kundu, R., C. M. Aura, M. Muchiri, J. M. Njiru and J. E. Ojuok (2010). Difficulties of fishing at lake Naivasha, Kenya: Is community participation in management the solution? Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management 15(1): 15-23. [full text]

Lamb, H., L. Darbyshire and D. Verschuren (2003). Vegetation response to rainfall variation and human impact in central Kenya during the past 1100 years. Holocene 13(2): 285-292.

Lincer, J. L., D. Zalkind, L. H. Brown and J. Hopcraft (1981). ORGANOCHLORINE RESIDUES IN KENYAS RIFT-VALLEY LAKES. Journal of Applied Ecology 18(1): 157-171.

Lundgren, B. (1975). Land use in Kenya and Tanzania: The physical background and present situation and an analysis of the needs for its rational planning. Royal College of Forestry. Stockholm, Sweden. [full text]

Macdonald, R., G. R. Davies, C. M. Bliss, P. T. Leat, D. K. Bailey and R. L. Smith (1987). GEOCHEMISTRY OF HIGH-SILICA PERALKALINE RHYOLITES, NAIVASHA, KENYA RIFT-VALLEY. Journal of Petrology 28(6): 979-1008.

Maclean, I. M. D., R. R. Boar and C. Lugo (2011). A Review of the Relative Merits of Conserving, Using, or Draining Papyrus Swamps. Environmental Management 47(2): 218-229. [full text]

Maclean, I. M. D., M. Hassall, R. Boar and O. Nasirwa (2003). Effects of habitat degradation on avian guilds in East African papyrus Cyperus papyrus swamps. Bird Conservation International 13(4): 283-297.

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